# Do You Aim Above Or Below A Fish?

## Why does a pencil look bent in a glass of water?

A:It all has to do with the fact that light travels more slowly in water than it does in air, and that causes the light to bend when it goes from water to air, or vice versa.

How the light bends depends on the shape of the water surface and the angle at which the light hits it..

## How does refraction affect the apparent position of the fish?

Light coming from the fish refracts (changes direction) when it hits the surface. A person above the water sees the apparent position of the fish closer to the surface than the real position of the fish.

## How do you hold a speargun?

Spearguns look like riffles but are shot like pistols, with a straight arm and locked elbow. Many shooters like to wrap their second hand around their primary hand, or sometimes place it on the back of the gun butt.

## Why does refraction occur?

Refraction is an effect that occurs when a light wave, incident at an angle away from the normal, passes a boundary from one medium into another in which there is a change in velocity of the light. Light is refracted when it crosses the interface from air into glass in which it moves more slowly.

## What is the definition refraction?

1 : deflection from a straight path undergone by a light ray or energy wave in passing obliquely from one medium (such as air) into another (such as glass) in which its velocity is different.

## Why does a pencil appear bent when it partially dipped in water?

The pencil appears to be bent when it is kept in a glass tumbler with water due to refraction of light. The refraction of light occurs when the speed of light changes when it travels from one medium to another.

## Where will you aim a spear to catch a fish?

Spearfishing generally refers to using some sort of spear gun after diving in and while swimming underwater. … If you’re shooting an arrow or throwing a spear from land into water though, you must aim below the fish. … A fish 90° directly below your feet doesn’t require any aim compensation no matter the depth.

## Why do I aim where the fish isn’t when spear fishing?

As the light from the fish leaves the water it bends away from the normal (right angled line to the surface). … If the fisherman aims at the centre of the fish the spear will miss (the spear passing in front of the fish) but if they aim at where they think the tail is then they will hit the body of the fish.

## Why is spearfishing difficult?

“Spearfishing is tough because as humans we’re totally out of our element in the ocean. If you throw a human in the water and tell them to get a fish, it’s not going to be very productive,” says Ryan Moore, a local “spearo” sponsored by Riffe International, a premier spearfishing company based in San Clemente.

## Why does a fish look closer in water?

Light rays reflected from the fish are refracted at the surface of the water, but the eyes and brain trace the light rays back into the water as thought they had not refracted, but traveled away from the fish in a straight line. This effect creates a “virtual” image of the fish that appears at a shallower depth.

## What bird can dive the deepest in water?

guillemotThe deepest underwater dive by a flying bird is 210 m (690 ft) by a Brünnich’s guillemot or thick-billed murre (Uria lomvia) with a maximum speed of descent of around 2 m (6 ft 6 in) a second. Auks in general are excellent swimmers and recent technology has made tracking the depth of their dives much easier.

## Which bird can fly underwater?

While large-winged diving birds such as cormorants, loons and grebes use webbed or lobed feet to propel themselves underwater, alcids “fly” with their wings to pursue prey beneath the surface.

## What birds dive into ocean for fish?

Foot-propelled diving birds Today, cormorants (family Phalacrocoracidae), loons (Gaviidae), and grebes (Podicipedidae) are the major groups of foot propelled diving birds.

## Why does a hunter aim above where he sees the fish?

This is all to do with the refraction of light and real and apparent depth. If the fisherman aims at the center of the fish the spear will miss! … This makes the fish appear to be nearer to the surface and further away because your eye assumes light travels in a straight line.

## Why do birds dive straight down to catch fish?

Answer. ❏The bird flies vertically over the position of the fish, and then dives into the water at a 90 Degree angle. The concept here is that the normally incident rays do not undergo refraction, hence the fish lies exactly where it appears to be.

## What is the best time to go spearfishing?

Simply put, the best time to go spearfishing is the time when there’s plenty of fish. So we’ll look for the reasons why they would come close to the coast or favorite spearfishing spot, and why they would go back to deeper waters or even migrate to a different place.

## Why do swimming pools appear shallower than they actually are?

A good example of refraction is when you see the bottom of a swimming pool. The light travels from the bottom of the pool, through the water, then through the air into your eye. The light travels in such a way that the pool often appears to be shallower than it really is.