What Is The Difference Between Rule Based And Consequence Based Ethical Reasoning?

How do our laws reflect ethics based on consequences and ethics based on rules?

How are ethics reflected in laws.

Because the U.S.

legal system is grounded on majority rule, the laws are judged to be right or good when they affect the majority of the people positively.

Laws are judged to be wrong when they affect the majority negatively..

Why is ethical reasoning important?

Ethical reasoning holds two roles in life: Highlighting acts that enhance the well-being of other people. Highlighting acts that harm the well-being of other people.

What is rule based reasoning?

In rule-based reasoning, uncertainty and imprecision are present in both the domain knowledge (plausible rules and fuzzy/imprecise premises) and the inference techniques used to search the rule graph.

What are ethical consequences?

Consequence ethics is a philosophical approach to morality by which the results of an action determine the potential good of the action. Consequence ethics suggests weighing the consequences of choices and selecting actions likely to result in a good or the best effect.

What is rule based ethical reasoning?

Particular acts have no ethical, or moral, character. An act that produces good consequences is good. An act that produces bad consequences is bad. 2) Rule-Based Ethical Reasoning – In this style of reasoning, acts are either right or wrong. … In rule-based ethics, good consequences do not justify wrong or bad acts.

What is consequence based ethical reasoning?

Consequences-Based Ethical Reasoning Looks for alternative way to alter the current situation. It attempts to forecast the consequences that will arise from each alternative. It evaluated those possible consequences to select the alternative that will generate the greatest good.

What are the 4 stages in the growth of law?

Most societies go through four distinct stages in forming their legal systems: Individuals take revenge for wrongs done to them Awards of money or goods are substituted for revenge Court systems are formed A central authority figure intervenes to prevent and punish wrongs.

What are the 5 main sources of law?

The primary sources of law in the United States are the United States Constitution, state constitutions, federal and state statutes, common law, case law, and administrative law.

What is consequence reasoning?

Consequential reasoning involves looking at the consequences of an action or decision to determine its moral value. This type of reasoning has application in making moral judgments in personal decisions as well as the fields of political, business, medical and engineering ethics.

What makes actions morally right or wrong?

…that holds that the moral rightness or wrongness of an action should be ascertained in terms of the action’s consequences. According to one common formulation, an action is right if it would promote a greater amount of happiness for a greater number of people than would any other action performable…

Why do the two forms of ethical reasoning consequences based and rule based usually result in the same decision and what is the probable cause when they do not?

Why do the two forms of ethical reasoning, consequencesbased and rulebased, usually result in the same decision, and what is the probable cause when they do not? … When laws are made to protect the rights of the majority, the greatest number of people benefit, which is the basis of consequence-based reasoning.

What is the difference between reasoned decision and impartial decision?

Decision About a Right or Wrong Action –to involve ethics, a decision must affect you or others in some significant way. Reasoned Decisions – people often refer to a written authority for reason… Impartial Decisions – impartiality is the idea that the same ethical standards are applied to everyone.